international blindness symbol; figure holding a cane

Chapter Three: Navigating Without Vision

The most important role performed by the school based orientation and mobility specialist is to teach blind students how to navigate in space. The mobility specialist must have both a deep and a broad understanding of how human beings navigate. Like the human vision system, the brain level mechanisms governing navigation are complex and poorly understood. New teaching strategies will evolve as research becomes available. What follows only touches a complex and not completely understood subject.

oneIntroduction: Teaching blind children to navigate

twoExploration and play

threeGaging initial position

fourLearning to set a course

fiveMonitoring travel

sixRemembering layouts and routes

sevenCrossing streets

eightCommunity travel for blind students

nineNavigating defined spaces: malls, stores, parks, etc.

elevenNavigation bibliography

tenTeaching echolocation to blind children

This is a link to an echolocation training guide provided by Dan Kish, CEO of World Access for the Blind.


Below: Ebooks
IIBN Site Index - Teaching O&M to Blind Children - Teaching Students with Travel Disabilities - Wayfinding Technologies