international blindness symbol; figure holding a cane

Chapter Two: Mobility

The word "mobility" refers to the ability of blind individuals to move with ease, speed, and safety through the environment. Mobility is distinguished from "orientation" which adds the element of spatial awareness. Sophisticated blind navigation is a combination of good mobility skills and good orientation skills.

Many students in special education suffer from navigational disabilities. Orientation and mobility for non-categorical students (not blind or visually impaired), is discussed under the "Non-categorical" subject heading.

This subject section is divided into seven areas:

oneThe long cane


threeBasic travel techniques(trailing, sighted guide, movement without aids)

fourElectronic travel aids

fiveDog guides


sevenMobility for students who are not blind


Below: Ebooks
IIBN Site Index - Teaching O&M to Blind Children - Teaching Students with Travel Disabilities - Wayfinding Technologies